You see these big science stars who publish in Nature and Science. They have huge grants, a huge machinery of high-class technology and a huge team of highly ambitious postdocs and PhD students who hope to publish in Nature or Science. But you are not like that… How to handle the feelings of inferiority when you compare yourself with these science stars? And how to become better anyway?


When we organize courses for PhD students and postdocs “to become excellent in research” many of them are overwhelmed by the aim of “scientific excellence”. A handful of young researchers has a burning ambition to become excellent – and mostly they succeed. Unfortunately, the large majority tends to interpret “excellence” as an unrealistic or even unattractive aim. During the last decade, I realized that a few simple strategies can help young researchers to overcome the feeling of being overwhelmed by the concept of “excellence”.


The first and most important step: stop comparing yourself with persons who are much more experienced and have worked much longer on their careers. If you are a young scientist do NOT compare yourself with a scientific star who publishes high impact papers since the late eighties – it is impossible NOT to get depressed when you do that. You must realize that these scientific stars are outliers. In other words, most scientists are by definition “average” and find themselves in the middle of the bell curve. Do not compare yourself with outliers.


It is a big psychological mistake to define yourself as “just average” or “just mediocre”. You may argue that this is just a way of being modest and humble. However, in most cases it will be interpreted as a sign of low self-esteem. In addition, people tend to accept negative judgments about you – especially when you make them yourself.  Thus, never call yourself “just average”. At least not in public :).

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Most scientists envy the big science stars – but would you pay the price for such a success?


Many scientists feel perfectly fine with their life and their ambition. They do not want to pay the price to become a science star in academia or industry. It is a hell lot of work which is often not compatible with a healthy family life and other interests e.g. culture or sports. For a high level career a high level of focus is necessary which has high opportunity costs (when you focus on one activity you cancel other activities which may have similar value). Thus, a strong focus, high motivation, endurance, hard work and long hours are necessary for most high level careers. Nevertheless, most people who have passed a midlife crises consider their career as just one element of many for a fulfilled life. Make a conscious decision whether you want to pay the price for the career you choose.v


Definitely. There are many researchers who are experts in their field and found a stimulating and/or comfortable niche and consider their career as ‘successful’ although they do not publish in high impact journals on a regular basis. Interestingly, many successful researchers publish just one or two high impact papers and change their publication strategy after they have been tenured. This does not necessarily mean that they become lazy or lose ambition. Quite often they simply developed a broader perspective and consider high impact factor hunting as an unhealthy strategy for scientific productivity or quality. In contrast, they work continuously on research questions they find relevant and develop a broader oeuvre. This may lead to high impact factor publications but they are not the primary motivation. However, this attitude is much easier to develop when you are a professor and have a secure position until retirement :).


To address this question and to find good answers it is of pivotal importance that you define clearly what it means to “become a better scientist”. Excellence is difficult to define because there are many different types of excellence or success in science.

To get a clear view about your own wishes, talents and possibilities you must first define what a successful career in science means to you and which parameters of excellence in science you find important. It is also useful to understand whether you have internal conflicts which impair your motivation.

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To build a successful career in science you need a long-term perspective and strategy. Many researchers do not have a 5-year or 10-year plan for their career which makes intelligent long-term decisions not very probable. Choose one of the million books about identifying a mission and defining goals (e.g. the classic First Things First by Stephen Covey et al). This will help you more than anything else to pursue a career you care for.


Jim Rohn made the famous quote “You are the average of the five people you spend the most time with.

Most people spend most of their time at work…

If most people around you focus on teaching or administration and hate research you will sooner or later tend to focus on teaching or administration as well – or leave the environment. If you are working in a very ambitious environment with a lot of technical support, intellectual stimulation and sufficient peer pressure it is probable that you adapt your working behavior. Depending on your long-term strategy you should choose your working environment wisely.


Most young researchers do NOT want to work in a highly ambitious academic environment with seven competitive postdocs. who all work on the same big project and who all want to be the first author on the next Nature paper. Consequently, they are going to find a job in an environment which is more appropriate for them. For example, if you want to help patients with a specific disease you do not necessarily have to work in a research group which is strongly focused on publishing Nature and Cell papers. Maybe it is much better to join a very clinically oriented lab which focusses more on the day-to-day needs of patients. 

Decide whether you love to solve scientific riddles or enjoy building complex instruments, whether you love writing texts and/or manage a team. Finally, some jobs are better suited than others for your personal combination of a successful career and a healthy family life.

These are important choices which have to be made consciously to avoid feelings of inferiority and to pursue a career you enjoy.

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