When we organize career events for PhD students and postdocs locally or at the national level we realize on a regular basis that most young researchers envision an academic career. When we confront them with the fact that only 3-5% of them will actually end up as academic staff they are shocked.
ONLY 30% OF ALL DOCTORATE HOLDERS STAY IN ACADEMIA – MOSTLY AS POSTDOCS
The “Centre for R&D Monitoring” Research Group at Ghent University of ECOOM follows up the career paths of young researchers in the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. Their data clearly indicate that about 30% of young researchers in natural sciences, engineering and life sciences continue their career in academia. This means that about 70% find a job outside academia – for example in industry, government or hospitals. In humanities and social sciences the percentage of PhD graduates who stay in academia three years after their PhD is about 50% (ECOOM-Belspo: CDH survey 2010).
10% OF ALL POSTDOCS STAY IN ACADEMIA BUT NEARLY 80% HOPE TO PURSUE AN ACADEMIC CAREER
Data from our own and other universities in Belgium indicate that most of the young researchers who stay in academia become postdoctoral researchers, only a few take over staff positions such as organizers of doctoral schools or specific study programs. Of these postdoctoral researchers only 1 in 10 finally reaches a long-term academic position as a professor.
Thus, about 90% of the postdoctoral researchers find a job in the industry or public sector – and NOT in academia! Surprisingly, this fact is not known by most young researchers!
To investigate the expectations and needs of postdoctoral researchers we performed a survey in entire Belgium (Belgian Postdoc Survey 2012). We received feedback from 413 postdoctoral researchers from all scientific domains at Belgian universities.
Surprisingly, nearly 80% of all postdocs hope to pursue a career in academia although only about 10% really end up in higher education.
3% OF ALL DOCTORATE HOLDERS BECOME PROFESSORS
If you are a PhD holder you have a 30% chance to become a postdoc and a 3% chance to become a professor.
In other words: there is a 97% chance that you are going to work in a non-academic environment.
SHOULD I WORRY ABOUT THIS?
No. You should make a conscious decision whether you want a career in academia, industry, government, NGOs, hospitals or somewhere else in the public sector. If you are not sure maybe this post may help: The 8 best tips to find your dream job in science and How to become a professor? After making a clear decision it is much easier to plan your career, get expertise and increase your market value.
SHOULD I TAKE THE RISK?
If you want to pursue an academic career you should know exactly what the advantages and disadvantages of the job are. Here are a few posts which may help you to develop an idea whether pursuing an academic career is the right choice for you:
* How to become a professor? – European perspective
* Three things you should know before deciding to become a professor – Canadian perspective
* Top 10 Reasons Being A University Professor Is A Stressful Job – US perspective